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1. The 13th Conference of Parties (COP) of the Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals (CMS), an environmental treaty under the aegis of United Nations Environment Programme, is going to be hosted by India during 15th to 22nd February 2020 at Gandhinagar in Gujarat.
2. Representatives from 129 Parties and eminent conservationists and international NGOs working in the field of wildlife conservation are expected to attend the COP.
3. India has been a Party to the CMS since 1983.
4. The Conference of Parties (COP) is the decision-making organ of this convention.
5. Logo and Mascot (GIBI)
6. Migratory species are those animals that move from one habitat to another during different times of the year, due to various factors such as food, sunlight, temperature, climate, etc.
7. The movement between habitats, can sometimes exceed thousands of miles / kilometers for some migratory birds and mammals. A migratory route can involve nesting and requires the availability of habitats before and after each migration.
8. In order to protect the migratory species throughout their range countries, a Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS), has been in force, under the aegis of United Nations Environment Programme.
9. India is temporary home to several migratory animals and birds. The important among these include
i. Amur Falcons,
ii. Bar headed Gheese,
iii. Black necked cranes,
iv. Marine turtles, Dugongs,
v. Humpbacked Whales, etc.
10. The Indian sub-continent is also part of the major bird flyway network, i.e., the Central Asian Flyway (CAF) that covers areas between the Arctic and Indian Oceans and covers at least 279 populations of 182 migratory water bird species, including 29 globally threatened species.
11. India has also launched the National Action Plan for conservation of migratory species under the Central Asian Flyway.
12. India has also signed non-legally binding MOU with CMS on the conservation and management of
a. Siberian Cranes (1998),
b. Marine Turtles (2007),
c. Dugongs (2008) and
d. Raptors (2016).
What is Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals (CMS)?
e. Also referred to as the Bonn Convention,
f. it provides a global platform for the conservation and sustainable use of migratory animals and their habitats and
g. brings together the States through which migratory animals pass, the Range States, and lays the legal foundation for internationally coordinated conservation measures throughout a migratory range.
h. complements and co-operates with several other international organizations, NGOs and partners in media as well as in corporate sector.
i. Under this convention, migratory species threatened with extinction are listed on Appendix I and Parties strive towards
i. strictly protecting these animals,
ii. conserving or restoring the places where they live,
iii. mitigating obstacles to migration and
iv. controlling other factors that might endanger them.
13. Migratory species that need or would significantly benefit from international co-operation are listed in Appendix II of the Convention.
14. In this respect, CMS acts as a framework Convention. The agreements may range from legally binding treaties (called Agreements) to less formal instruments, such as Memoranda of Understanding, and can be adapted to the requirements of particular regions. The development of models tailored according to the conservation needs throughout the migratory range is a unique capacity to CMS.