New Delhi 93197 33599 l Ahmedabad 73035 33599

Blog

Coastal Defence Exercise “Sea Vigil”

Highlights: Sea Vigil exercise aims to comprehensively and holistically validate the efficacy of the measures taken for coastal defence since 26/11 Mumbai terror attack. Sea vigil, which will also involve a comprehensive operational, technical, and...

Taliban, US Open Afghan Peace Talks in Qatar

Afghanistan Geographic coordinates 33°N , 65°E Highest point Nowshak, 7,486 m / 24,560 ft Lowest point Amu Darya near Khamyab District, 258 m / 846 ft Afghanistan is in the middle of Asia. The country is landlocked and mountainous and has most of the Hindu...

Ude Desh Ka Aam Naagrik: “UDAN”

Ministry of Civil Aviation Objective: To get more people to fly in the smaller towns. To boost regional air connectivity and provide various incentives to airlines. Aims that at least half the seats on every flight should have a fare cap of Rs2,500 per...

Tripura

Tripura is a state in Northeast India. The third-smallest state in the country, it covers 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi) and is bordered by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east. In 2011 the state had...

Meghalaya

Meghalaya is a state in Northeast India. The name means "the abode of clouds" in Sanskrit. The population of Meghalaya as of 2016 is estimated to be 3,211,474. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 22,430 square kilometers, with a length to breadth...

Manipur

Manipur is a state in Northeast India, with the city of Imphal as its capital. It is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma (Myanmar) lies to its east. The state covers an area of 22,327 square kilometres...

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR also known as the UN Refugee Agency) is a United Nations programme with the mandate to protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people, and assist in their...

Swine flu

In NEWS: Health Department issued advisory asking people not to panic and listed out a series of preventive measures to follow. The dry winter chills have led to a spurt of swine flu/influenza cases in the Capital. Swine flu This virus spreads like common...

National Mission for Clean Ganga

In NEWS: Ministry of Water Resources has organised an exhibition at Prayagraj Kumbh Mela on River Ganga Cleanliness. Its aim is to make people aware on keeping River Ganga Clean. It informs them about the many projects and schemes being implemented by...

ISRO launches (UNNATI) programme

In NEWS: ISRO will train personnel from foreign countries that the space agency work with. First batch has 30 participants from 17 different countries. The program will be conducted by ISRO’s U.R Rao Satellite Centre (URSC) in Bengaluru every year for next...

Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMPRY)

What is the Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana Scheme? The PMRPY Scheme aims to incentivize employers for employment generation by the Government paying the employers' EPS contribution of 8.33%, for the new employees, for the first three years of their...

U.S. President Promises changes to H-1B visas

President Donald Trump has again threatened to declare a national emergency along the border with Mexico as he seeks funding for a wall. Such a declaration, almost certain to be challenged in court, would in theory allow Mr. Trump to sidestep Congress and...

Oceans are heating up at a fast pace

The world’s oceans are heating up at an accelerating pace as global warming threatens a diverse range of marine life and a major food supply for the planet. Ocean heating is a very important indicator of climate change and it is warming more rapidly than...

Vote on Account

Vote on Account is a grant in advance to enable the government to carry on until the voting of demands for grants and the passing of the Appropriation Bill and Finance Bill. This enables the government to fund its expenses for a short period of time or...

PSLV

With the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) planning to keep the fourth and final stage of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) ‘alive’ in space as a useful ‘orbital platform’, the rocket — popularly dubbed ISRO’s trusted workhorse — is getting...

ISRO cranks up Gaganyaan project

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) work on ‘Gaganyaan’, the project to send a manned mission to space by 2022, would start soon at the newly created Human Space Flight Centre (HSFC). “All work related to the mission will formally begin now,”...

Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)

The umbrella Central Sector Scheme of this Ministry called the "Scheme to Promote Voluntary Action for Persons with Disabilities" is revised and renamed as the "Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)". Objectives of the scheme: To create an...

Train 18

Train 18, currently the fastest train in country breaching the 180 km/hour-mark during trial, is likely to start operations this month with the first run being between Delhi and Varanasi. Train 18 is an Indian semi-high speed intercity electric multiple...

Raisina Dialogue

Terrorism, threat of proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and climate change are the critical challenges that confront us today. Today, no country, big or small, is immune from this existential threat, particularly, terrorism actively supported and...

Satellite images help assess poverty

High-resolution satellite data can precisely assess the status of poverty at household level in rural areas of developing countries, according to a study. If countries are to achieve the U.N. sustainable development goals, it is particularly important to...

RBI makes changes in Gold Monetization Scheme

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) made some changes in the Gold Monetization Scheme (GMS) by including charitable institutions and the central government, among other. Apart from individual and joint depositors, the scheme could now be availed by charitable...

RBI Governor meets NBFC representatives

Liquidity issue NBFCs played a significant role in ensuring credit flow to the economy. How to improve the credit flow. NBFCs have requested the RBI to allow them to access public deposits, which could give them access to funds. Reference...

Private consumption

Domestic private consumption that accounts for a major portion of India’s gross domestic product (GDP) is expected to develop into a $6 trillion growth opportunity that would make India the world’s third-largest economy by 2030, says a latest study by the...

A ‘bio-safe’ way to fight mosquitoes

Scientists in the United States said they had taken a major step toward developing a “mosquito birth control” drug to curb the spread of malaria and other killer diseases blamed for hundreds of thousands of deaths a year. Researchers at the University of...

Citizenship (Amendment) Bill

What is the Bill about? Seeking to amend the Citizenship Act of 1955, Bill was introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2016 for granting citizenship to minority Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians who came to India on or before December 31, 2014...

Chandrayaan II

Chandrayaan II is India’s second lunar mission after Chandrayaan I. The mission includes a lunar orbiter, rover and a lander. The mission is developed by ISRO, India. Initially, the lander was supposed to have been developed by Russia. But, when Russia...

DAY-NULM

National Urban Livelihoods Mission (NULM) was launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MHUPA), Government of India in 23rd September 2013 by replacing the existing Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY). The NULM will focus...

Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan is part of the greater Kashmir region, which is the subject of a long-running conflict between Pakistan and India. The territory shares a border with Azad Kashmir, together with which it is referred to by the United Nations and other...

Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana

Prime Minister has launched this scheme on 25th June 2015. The number of slum households has skyrocketed to 18 million. The scheme intends to cover 2 million non-slum urban poor households. Hence total housing shortage envisaged to be addressed through the...

Swadesh Darshan and PRASHAD schemes

The Ministry of Tourism has sanctioned four new projects under the tourism infrastructure development schemes, Swadesh Darshan and PRASHAD in the states of Meghalaya, Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh recently. Following are the sanctioned projects and the...

Swami Vivekananda Birth Anniversary

National Youth Day (12th January) celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda Vivekananda believed in the uplift of humanity, irrespective of caste or creed and emphasized the importance of spiritualism for the survival and...

Ports in India

It is a magnificent natural harbor on the West Coast of India. The deep 10-12 metre sea adjoining the harbor with no sand banks enables big ships to enter the port easily. It handles approximately one-fifth of India’s foreign trade with predominance in dry...

Renukaji Multipurpose Dam Project

Three storage projects are proposed to be constructed on the river Yamuna and two of its tributaries. Lakhwar project on river Yamuna in Uttarakhand, Kishau on river Tons in Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh Renukaji on river Giri in Himachal Pradesh. These...

e-NAM

e-NAM has achieved another milestone by commencing inter-State trade between mandis of two different States. Earlier trade used to happen either within the APMC or between two APMCs situated within same state. The very first Inter State transaction in...

National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)

Today cities occupy just 3% of the land but contribute to 82% of GDP and responsible for 78% of Carbon dioxide emissions; cities though are engines of growth and equity, but they must be sustainable and it is in this context that NCAP being a very...

Sanskriti Kumbh

Sanskriti Kumbh, a 29 days cultural extravaganza. The biggest cultural festival named Sanskriti Kumbh is celebrating the conglomeration of Spiritual Consciousness and Cultural Heritage of India in the main premises of Kumbh Mela area in Prayagraj, Uttar...

Indus Food 2019

INDUS FOOD-II with the theme of ‘World Food Supermarket’ will be held on 14th and 15th January 2019, at Greater Noida. The event is aimed at promoting India as a strong and reliable exporter of food and beverage products to the world. INDUS FOOD 2019 will...

National Council for Cooperative Training (NCCT)

National Council for Cooperative Training is registered autonomous society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 promoted by Ministry of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare, Department of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare, Government of India. The Council...

Gangajal Project

Gangajal project, which will provide Agra with better and more assured water supply. Gangajal project aims to bring 140 cusecs per day of Ganga water to Agra from Palra headworks in Bulandshahr’s Upper Ganga canal. This will help meet the drinking water...

Non-Settlement of Claims Under PMFBY

Admissible claims under Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY) are generally paid by the insurance companies within two months of completion of Crop Cutting Experiments/harvesting period subject to availability of yield data and total State share of...

National Bamboo Mission

The restructured National Bamboo Mission (NBM) was approved in April 2018 for implementation till the end of 14 Finance Commission i.e. 2019-20. The scheme aims to inter-alia supplement farm income of farmers with focus on the development of complete value...

National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA)

The National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) has been constituted under Section 171 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017 to ensure that the reduction in rate of tax or the benefit of input tax credit is passed on to the recipient by way of...

Model Police Bill

The Government has reviewed the Model Police Act, 2006 and accordingly, a draft Model Police Bill, 2015 has been prepared and placed on the website of BPR&D. Further, as “Police” is a State subject, falling in List II of the Seventh Schedule of the...

Electronic Travel Authorization

Since inception of the e-Visa scheme in November 2014 till December 2018, a total number of 60,92,142 e-Visas have been issued to nationals of various countries. As per available information, foreign exchange earnings from tourist inflow has increased from...

E-Prisons

All States and UTs except the States of Manipur, Nagaland, Sikkim and UT of Lakshadweep, have implemented the E-prisons network developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) with the financial support from the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) for which...

Border Area Development Programme (BADP)

The Programme was a 100% centrally sponsored gap filling till 2015-16. However, from 2016-17, on the recommendations of the Sub- Group of Chief Ministers, it has been classified as a Core Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) and is now part of the National...

Agri Export policy

Agriculture is the key pillar of the Indian economy and there is an urgent need for reform in this sector where 60 % of the population of the country is dependent. Average cost of production will have to be reduced so that India’s agri produce can complete...

Repeal of AFSPA

entire States of Assam, Nagaland, Manipur (except Imphal Municipal area), three districts namely Tirap, Changlang and Longding of Arunachal Pradesh and areas falling within the jurisdiction of the eight police stations in the districts of Arunachal...

India offers $1.4 bn Aid Package to Maldives

In line with the lately renewed bilateral relations, India has offered a financial package of $1.4 billion for the Maldives for its socio-economic development. Under former President Yameen, China significantly increased its presence in Maldives including...

Governor’s rule in J&K

After the expiry of six months of Governor’s rule in the State on December 19 The state of Jammu and Kashmir is all set to see a governor’s rule following the sudden break in ties between BJP and PDP and subsequent resignation of CM. The imposition of...

Government didn’t try to select Lokpal

Despite coming to power in 2014 on an anti-corruption plank, the NDA government has not only failed to set up the Lokpal during its tenure but did not hold even a single meeting of the search committee to find a candidate for the anti-corruption ombudsman,...

Golconda fort comes back to life

Earlier, the policy was to preserve a structure without meddling. Now, there is a policy change where ASI can reconstruct a building or a structure if the authorities can find evidence about how it looked earlier. Sometimes, the evidence is in the form of...

Draft National Child Protection Policy

Women and child development ministry have drafted a policy dedicated to the protection of children. Until now, protection of children was only a part of the broader National child policy 2013. Vision of policy: All children in India stay safe and feel...

Centre Seeks Rs 41,000 Crore More to Recapitalize Banks

Recently, the government has moved a proposal in Parliament for an additional Rs 41,000 crore to recapitalize public sector banks, over and above the already budgeted Rs 65,000 crore. If approved by the House, this would take the total recapitalization...

Capital’s air quality dips to ‘severe’ category

The Capital’s air quality deteriorated to the ‘severe’ category on Saturday as thick smog engulfed it preventing the dispersion of pollutants. This is the fourth time this season that the air quality in the city has worsened to the ‘severe’ category. This...

Lok Sabha Passes Bill Banning Commercial Surrogacy

The Lok Sabha has passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2016 that seeks to put a blanket ban on commercial surrogacy and regulate altruistic surrogacy in India. The bill was cleared by the Union cabinet in March 2018 after the recommendations of a...

Blow to India as US to Recall 50% Troops in Afghanistan

US has decided for bringing home some 50 % of the 15000 US troops deployed in Afghanistan over the next two months. Before three days US also announced disengagement with Syria. The twin disengagements, which are in keeping with the non-interventionist...

Benefit of the doubt must go to accused: SC

The benefit of the doubt in cases based on a flawed police investigation must favor the accused irrespective of the gravity of the crime, the Supreme Court held in a recent judgment in a 17-year-old case of murder and rioting in Uttar Pradesh. “The accused...

Afghan government sends team for peace talks with Taliban

The team, led by chief negotiator Abdul Salam Rahim, “arrived in Abu Dhabi to begin proximity dialogue with the Taliban delegation and to prepare for a face-to-face meeting between the two sides”. The 12-person team was first announced in November by...

9% Growth By 2022 Must to Generate Jobs: NITI Aayog

A vision document for India’s growth has been released by NITI Aayog. India is on the cusp of a major transformation. It is now one of the fastest growing large economies in the world. However, to meet the rising aspirations of our young population, India...

Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT)

The CCIT was proposed by India in 1996. India has pushed for an intergovernmental convention to enhance prosecution and extradition of terrorists since 1996. Aim of India India’s strategy to isolate Pakistan internationally. legal teeth to prosecute...

Cyclone Phethai crosses the coast near Kakinada in A.P.

Severe cyclonic storm Phethai, which kept the Andhra Pradesh government on the tenterhooks in the last couple of days, crossed the coast between Kakinada and Yanam on Monday afternoon. It triggered a spell of heavy rain in East and West Godavari districts...

Cop-24

During the weekend, the global fight against climate change reached another milestone when negotiators from 196 countries finalized a rulebook for the 2015 Paris Agreement. The finalization paves the way for implementation of the Paris Agreement, which is...

Institutions to strengthen Internal Security

The National Investigation Agency (NIA) was constituted under the NIA Act of 2008 as a Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency. The NIA is mandated to investigate and prosecute offences specified in its Schedule. The NIA headquarters is at New...

Working to bring 99% items in 18% GST slab: PM

The Prime Minister has hinted at further pruning of the list of items under the 28% slab of GST. The GST Council is slated for its 31st meeting on December 22. Currently, about 39 items attract a GST levy of 28 per cent. The move is aimed at bringing 99%...

Water traces found on asteroid Bennu

NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft discovered evidence of water on a relatively nearby skyscraper-sized asteroid, Bennu, a rocky acorn-shaped object. This may hold clues to the origins of life on Earth. Data obtained from the spacecraft’s two spectrometers, the...

Warming leads to water crisis in Himalayas: study

Researchers from Ohio State University in the U.S. showed that climate change could have devastating effects on vulnerable residents in the Andes Mountains and the Tibetan plateau. Climate change is driving glaciers in the Himalayas to melt more rapidly...

U.S. announces Syria troop pull-out

The U.S. has started bringing home troops from Syria as it moves to a new phase in the campaign against Islamic State (IS), US claiming that the militant Islamist group’s “territorial caliphate” has been defeated. US declared victory against the group and...

U.S. and India Call for More Joint Air Exercises

US and India have called for joint exercises like Cope India 2018 to be held more frequently. Bilateral relation: It is focused on enhancing US-India cooperation and building on existing capabilities, aircrew tactics and force employment. Mutual...

The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2018

Lok Sabha has passed a new Bill to protect and give equal rights to transgender persons. The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2018, as passed, is an improved version of the legislation introduced in year 2016. Revised definition says: A...

Global Nutrition Report 2018

Progress has been seen in fighting stunting. But overall it has been too slow and too patchy. Malnutrition is responsible for more ill health than any other cause. 1/3 of reproductive-age women are Anemic. 39% of all adults are overweight or obese, from...

Why do whales beach themselves?

Stranding can be grouped into several types. The most obvious distinctions are between single and multiple standings. Possible reasons why whales beach themselves are: Injuries from collisions with boats, ships and other man-made aquatic machines. Water...

Myanmar: Rohingya

Who are Rohingya people? The Rohingya are considered the most persecuted minority in the world. History: 8th century: The Rohingya lived in an independent kingdom in Arakan now known as Rakhine state. 9th & 14th century: The Rohingya came in contact with...

Oil swings and the economy

As India depends on imported crude oil, global trends have a big impact. Crude Oil prices fell sharply yesterday on disappointing economic data & as signs of a slowdown in China and Europe reinforced worries about weakening demand for petroleum. Prices...

Bad Loans/NPA

The assets of the banks which don't perform (that is - don't bring any return) are called Non-Performing Assets (NPA) or bad loans. Bank's assets are the loans and advances given to customers. If customers don't pay either interest or part of principal or...

National Company Law Tribunal – NCLT

NCLT is a quasi-judicial body in India that adjudicates issues relating to companies in India. Composition President, judicial and technical members, as necessary. Structure The NCLT has eleven benches, two at New Delhi (one being the principal bench) and...

NASA’s INSIGHT lands on Mars

Insight mission of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has landed on the Red Planet on November 26, 2018, after almost seven months of travelling through space. The Insight two-year mission will study the deep interior of Mars to learn...

Gurdwara Darbar sahib KARTARPUR pilgrim corridor

Punjab Minister Navjot Sidhu arrived in Lahore for the ground-breaking ceremony of the 4 km corridor in Pakistan that will be conducted by Prime Minister Imran Khan. Both India and Pakistan recently accepted long-pending demand of the Sikh community to...

CHINA HALTS WORK BY TEAM ON GENE-EDITED BABIES

A Chinese scientist who stoked criticism over his claim that he had created the world’s first genetically edited babies faced mounting pressure as China ordered a halt to his scientific activities and warned that the experiment has seriously violated...

GAJA’ BRINGS BACK AVIANS TO PULICAT LAKE

The cyclonic storm, ‘Gaja,’ which had caused havoc in the neighbouring Tamil Nadu, has proved to be a boon for the migratory birds. The cyclone-induced rain in the district, including in the catchment areas of the Kalangi, the Swarnamukhi and the Arani,...

Fake news affects voting behavior in a big way

Election Commission (EC) is working on a robust mechanism for conduct on social media platforms and have interacted with Google and WhatsApp as the fake news is affecting voting behaviour worldwide. Outgoing Chief Election Commissioner O.P. Rawat says the...

Central guidelines for crèches at workplaces

The labour ministry will soon come out with regulations for setting up creche at workplace to give effect to the maternity law. The Centre has prepared guidelines for setting up of crèches at workplaces, which prescribe trained personnel to man the...

Defence Acquisition Council: new frigates to get Brahmos

Indian Navy to get more firepower: World’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile BrahMos to be fitted on ‘Project 1135.6’ frigates. The Defence Acquisition Council (DAC), approved procurements worth ₹ 3000 crore which include BrahMos cruise missiles for the two...

When a bank becomes a PSU

The Governor administration has cleared a proposal to treat J&K Bank as PSU. The state government holds a majority stake of 59.3% in J&K Bank. A need was felt that it should have the character of a PSU, which is subject to general supervision and access...

What’s with the back-series GDP data?

The Method to calculate data and way it was released led to criticism from various quarters including Opposition political parties and economists alike. The government released the GDP growth estimates for previous years based on the new method of...

Ayushman Bharat healthcare scheme

Ayushman Bharat, also known as the Pradhan Mantri-Jan Aarogya Yojana (PM-JAY) Ayushman Bharat is a scheme that aims to provide health assurance to 10 crore families. The entitlement is decided based on deprivation criteria in the Socio-Economic Caste...

In Andamans, tribals and no-go areas

An American national who tried to enter the North Sentinel Island in the Andaman was killed due to “misplaced adventure” in an attack by the indigenous people in the highly-restricted area. This was his fifth visit to Andaman and Nicobar Islands and he had...