New Delhi 93197 33599 l Ahmedabad 73035 33599
  • It is an independent, statutory committee formed under RTI Act to ensure freedom of information to citizens.
  • It has jurisdiction over central government bodies, PSU and authorities.
  • Composition:
    • It has chief information commissioner and upto 10 information commissioners.
    • All are appointed by the president on recommendation of prime minister, union minister nominated by him and leader of opposition in Lok Sabha.
  • Qualification:
    • People should person of eminence in public life with experience in field of law, science and technology, governance, social service, management, journalism, mass media or administration.
    • They should not be MP / MLAs or connected to any political party, doing some business or holding office of profit.
  • They hold office till age of 65 or 5 years.
  • The information commissioner is eligible for post of chief information commissioner but can be in office for maximum 5 years including his tenure of information commissioner.
  • Removal:
  • Removal is done by president on grounds of bankruptcy, unsound mind, infirmity of body or mind, sentenced to imprisonment for a crime, or engages in paid employment.
  • He can also be removed for proved misbehavior or incapacity if SC inquiry finds him guilty.
  • They can resign by writing to president.
  • Powers and functions:
  1. Acts as second appellate authority for RTI applications.
  2. Inquiries into complaints under RTI Act
  3. Have powers of a civil court.
  4. Can secure compliance of its orders from a public authority
  5. Submits annual reports to the central govt which are tabled before the house.
  6. Commission can recommend steps to be taken by an authority to become complaint under RTI.

Salient Features of Right to Information Act 2005

  • Replaced Freedom of Information Act 2002.
  • Jammu and Kashmir has separate Right To Information Act – RTI 2009.
  • RTI relaxes restrictions placed by Official Secrets Act 1923.
  • 3 Levels – Public Information Officer, First Appellate Authority, Central Information Commission (CIC).
  • Time period for Public Information Officer: Expeditiously or within 30 days from the date of receipt by public authority.
  • Maximum time gap for 1st appeal: 30 days since limit of supply of information is expired.
  • Time period for Appellate Authority: Within 30 days or in exceptional cases 45 days from the date of receipt by public authority.
  • Maximum time gap for 2nd appeal: 90 days since limit of supply of information is expired.
  • RTI act also asks for computerization and proactively publish information.
  • Bodies applicable under RTI:
    • Constitutional bodies at center and state (Legislature, Executive, Judiciary),
    • bodies/NGOs owned/financed by government,
    • privatized public utility companies.
  • Bodies excluded under RTI:
    • Central Intelligence and Security Agencies,
    • agencies of state specified through notification.
    • The exclusion is not absolute.