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Civil Services Exam

Every year Union Public Service Commission popularly known as UPSC conduct civil service examination, a common examination for selection into 24 services such as IAS, IPS, IFS, IRS etc. These 24 services are categorized as All India Services, Group A services and Group B services Civil service examination is undertaken in three stage Prelims, Mains and Interview


  • There are 2 papers of MCQ type
  • Each paper consists of 200 marks and maximum time allocated to each paper is 2 hours
  • One third marks are deducted for each negative response

PAPER 1-General Studies, 100 questions [accounted for merit]

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography – Physical, Social and Economic
  • Indian Polity and Governance – Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development -Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization
  • General Science.

PAPER 2-Aptitude (also known as CSAT), 80 questions [Qualifying, minimum 33% marks needed to qualify this paper]


Paper Topic Total Marks Note Min %
Paper-A Any Indian Language 300 Qualifying 25 %
Paper-B English 300 Qualifying 25 %
Essay 250 counted for merit
GS 1 History Culture, Geography & Society 250 counted for merit
GS 2 Polity, Governance, Social Justice and
International Relations
250 counted for merit
GS 3 Economic, Development, Security,
Environment and Science &
250 counted for merit
GS 4 Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude 250 counted for merit
Optional Paper-1 250 counted for merit
Optional Paper-2 250 counted for merit
Total 1750


  • 275 marks (Nobody fails)
  • Total Marks, 1750 (Mains) + 275 (Interview) = 2025
  • Marks out of 2025 will decide the Merit, Rank, Service and cadre of the candidates

Importance of Civil Service

Importance of civil service can be derived from the fact that we need to interact with civil servant at each stage of our life and effect of their decisions and actions can be felt at all the stages of our life i.e. from birth to death in following way.

Earlier civil service was not considered an attractive career option but in recent days it has gained attention of youth due to two factors. First, due to lots of administrative reforms in government, which paved way for improved way of working in government and increment in pay, perks and facilities at par with other career options. Second, shrinking career opportunity in private sector and lack of security in the same.