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  1. Trained elephants will help ground-level forest guards patrol deep in the forest where jeeps cannot go.
  2. The two elephants are being brought from the Similipal Tiger Reserve.
  3. Satkosia Tiger Reserve
    1. Satkosia spreads along the magnificent gorge over the mighty river Mahanadi in Odisha.
    2. Established in 1976 as a wildlife sanctuary.
    3. It is one of the best ecosystems in the country, representing a diverse floral and faunal extravaganza.
    4. The name Satkosia originates from two words; sat meaning seven and kos meaning two miles, indicating the length of the gorge as 14 miles or 22 km.
    5. The area was declared as Satkosia Tiger Reserve in 2007, comprising two adjoining wildlife sanctuaries;
      1. Satkosia Gorge sanctuary
      2. Baisipalli sanctuary.
    6. The Reserve is spread over 4 districts like; Angul, Cuttack, Nayagarh and Boudh.
    7. The reserve has an area of 963.87sq km with 523.61sq km as core area.
    8. The area is also a part of the Mahanadi elephant reserve.
    9. Satkosia is the meeting point of two bio-geographic regions of India;
      1. Deccan Peninsula and Eastern Ghats contributing immense biodiversity.
    10. The area of Satkosia Tiger Reserve supports
      1. Moist deciduous forest,
      2. Dry deciduous forest and
  • Moist peninsular Sal forest.
  1. This area is the home for Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted deer, Mouse deer, Nilgai, Chousingha, Sloth bear, Wild dog etc.
  2. Varieties of resident and migratory birds, reptilian species (Gharial, Magar, Crocodile, Fresh Water turtle, Poisons & Non-poisons snakes etc.)
  1. Similipal Bio-Sphere Reserve
    1. History
      1. An integral part of Similipal Tiger Reserve spread over 2750 km2 constituted during 1973,
      2. Similipal, is declared as a wildlife sanctuary during 1979 covering an area of 2271.78 km2.
  • It is also part of Similipal Biosphere Reserve and an area measuring 845.70 km2 in the core of Similipal has been proposed as Similipal National Park since 1980.
  1. Location
    1. Similipal is located between 21 28’ to 22 08’ North Latitude and 86 04’ to 86 37’ East longitude in the district of Mayurbhanj in Odisha state.
  2. Topography
    1. The terrain starts from coastal plains and rises up to 1168 mtrs above MSL.
    2. It is studded with deep gorges, peaks and wide valleys with an arterial network of perennial streams.
  3. Climate
    1. Similipal experiences three distinct climates i.e. summer, monsoon, winter.
  4. Vegetation
    1. Similipal is a blend of Western Ghat,Eastern Ghat and Sub-Himalayan species.
    2. The following five forest types are met with in the landscape
      1. Northern Tropical Semi-evergreen forests
      2. Northern Tropical Moist deciduous forests
      3. Dry deciduous hill forests.
      4. High level Sal forests
      5. Grass land
    3. Wildlife
      1. Similipal is home to a range of wild animals including
        1. 55 species of mammals,
        2. 304 species of birds,
        3. 20 species of amphibians,
        4. 62 species of reptiles and
        5. 37 species of fishes.
      2. Mammals: Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Bison, Bear, Ratel, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Chowsingha, Ruddy Mongoose, Pangolin, Giant Squirrel, Flying Squirrel, Otter, Hanuman langur, Rh. Macaque.
  • Birds: Pea Fowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Hornbill, Hill Myna, Grey Wagtail, Alexandrine Parakeet, Serpent Eagle.
  1. Reptiles: Python, King Cobra, Viper, Banded Krait, Monitor Lizard, Forest Calotes, Chameleon, Mugger Crocodile, Black Turtle, Tent Turtle.