Who are Rohingya people?
- The Rohingya are considered the most persecuted minority in the world.
- 8th century: The Rohingya lived in an independent kingdom in Arakan now known as Rakhine state.
- 9th & 14th century: The Rohingya came in contact with Islam through Arab traders.
- 1784: Burman king Bodawpaya conquered Arakan.
- 1824 to 1942: Britain captured Burma and made it a province of British India.
- 1942: Japan invaded Burma, pushing out the British.
- 1945: Britain liberated Burma from Japanese occupation with the help of nationalist and Rohingya fighters.
- 1948: Tensions increases between Burma and the Rohingya, many of whom wanted Arakan to join Pakistan.
- 1977: More than 200,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh following a military operation.
- 1982: A new immigration law did not recognise the Rohingya as one of the 135 ethnic groups.
- 1991: More than 250,000 Rohingya refugees fled prosecution.
- 2012: Riots between Rohingya and Rakhine Buddhist killed more than 100 people, were mostly Rohingya and some tens of thousands of people were driven to Bangladesh.
- August 25, 2017: Military began clearance operations following attacks by Arakan militants.
Place set to fire by security forces in August 2017 Crimes by the Military:
- Genocide: The Army was guilty of Killing, causing serious bodily and mental harm, creating conditions intended to bring out the mass evacuation of the Rohingya, Imposing measures intending to prevent births.
- Crimes against Humanity
- War crimes.
Failure of Government:
- Civilian authorities failed to influence the situation in Rakhine state where crime being perpetrated.
- The civilian authorities spread false narratives, denied the Army’s wrong doing, blocked independent investigations and oversaw destruction of evidence.
- Human rights violations in Rakhine amount to crimes against humanity.
- Myanmar has a heavy responsible to remedy the situation.
- The Security Council should ensure accountability for crimes committed in Myanmar by referring situation to the International Criminal Court or instituting an ad hoc tribunal.
- The UNSC should impose sanctions and travel bans for those responsible.
- Refugees should be allowed to return to Rakhine only after giving enough protections, including citizenship.