1. The Government has promulgated various laws/regulations from time to time to ensure that the rights and wellbeing of the Sentinelese are safeguarded.
2. These are being strictly implemented and enforced by the UT Administration.
3. These Laws/Regulation include
a. A &N Islands (PAT) Regulation 1956,
b. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989,
c. Restrictions under Foreigner (Restricted Area) Orders, 1963,
d. Visa Manual Conditions/Passport Act 1920, and
e. Indian Forest Act, 1927 and Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
4. Besides, some major steps taken to ensure the protection of Sentinelese are:
a. The entire North Sentinel Island along with 5 km coastal sea from high water mark is notified as tribal reserve.
b. The Sentinelese are still in isolation practicing primordial hunting and gathering way of life. The Government respects their way of life style, therefore, has adopted an ‘eyes-on and hands-off’ practice to protect and safeguard the Sentinelese tribe.
c. A protocol of circumnavigation of the North Sentinel Island has been notified. The ships and aircrafts of Coast Guard and boats of Marine Police make sorties around North Sentinel to keep surveillance.
5. Apart from the land territory the coastal sea up to fixed extent of 1 Km to 5 Km abutting the tribal territory has also been notified as tribal reserve so that marine resources like fish, turtle etc. are available exclusively for the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
6. The vehicular traffic on Andaman Trunk Road passing through Jarawa reserve is regulated by convoy system.
7. Buffer Zone notified in 2013, around the Jarawa Tribal Reserve (5km landward side and 1km seaward side), prohibits all commercial / tourism activity in the Buffer Zone.