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  1. Challenge faced in Tiger conservation in India
    1. Dwindling core forests
    2. Shrinking of tiger corridors (strips of land that allow tigers to move unfettered across diverse habitat)
    3. Poaching
    4. Man-animal conflict
  2. NTCA
    1. National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it under the said Act.
    2. ‘Project Tiger’ is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Environment, Forests and Climate Change,
      1. providing funding support to tiger range States,
      2. for in-situ conservation of tigers in designated tiger reserves, and
  • has put the endangered tiger on an assured path of recovery by saving it from extinction, as revealed by the recent findings of the All India tiger estimation using the refined methodology.
  1. The objective of the NTCA
  • Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives become legal.
  • Fostering accountability of Center-State in the management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure. Providing for oversight by Parliament.
  • Addressing the livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.

 3. Global Tiger Day also is known as International Tiger Day, is an annual celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on July 29. It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit. The goal of the day is to promote a global system for protecting the natural habitats of tigers and raise public awareness and support for tiger conservation issues.

4. In India, the number of tigers is increasing constantly. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers, which increased to 1,706 in 2010 and 2,226 in 2014.

5. Around 97 percent of the world tiger population perished in the last 100 years and according to the latest statistics, only 3,890 tigers are left in the world, out of which 2,226 are in India.