- Tripura is a state in Northeast India. The third-smallest state in the country, it covers 10,491 km2 (4,051 sq mi) and is bordered by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east.
- In 2011 the state had 3,671,032 residents, constituting 0.3% of the country’s population.
- The state has a tropical savanna climate, designated Aw under the Köppen climate classification. The undulating topography leads to local variations, particularly in the hill ranges.
- During the monsoon season, the south west monsoon brings heavy rains, which cause frequent floods. The average annual rainfall between 1995 and 2006 ranged from 1,979.6 to 2,745.9 mm (77.94 to 108.11 in).
- During winter, temperatures range from 13 to 27 °C (55 to 81 °F), while in the summer they fall between 24 and 36 °C (75 and 97 °F).
- According to a United Nations Development Programme report, the state lies in “very high damage risk” zone from wind and cyclones.
- The physiography is characterized by hill ranges, valleys and plains. The state has five anticlinal ranges of hills running north to south, from Boromura in the west, through Atharamura, Longtharai and Shakhan, to the Jampui Hills in the east.
- The intervening synclines are the Agartala–Udaipur, Khowai–Teliamura, Kamalpur–Ambasa, Kailasahar–Manu and Dharmanagar–Kanchanpur valleys.At an altitude of 939 m (3,081 ft), Betling Shib in the Jampui range is the state’s highest point.
- The small isolated hillocks interspersed throughout the state are known as tillas, and the narrow fertile alluvial valleys, mostly present in the west, are called lungas.
- A number of rivers originate in the hills of Tripura and flow into Bangladesh.The Khowai, Dhalai, Manu, Juri and Longai flow towards the north; the Gumti to the west; and the Muhuri and Feni to the south west.
- The soil in Tripura can be classified into five distinct categories. 43.07 percent of the total land area of the state is occupied by the red loamy soil and the sandy soil.
- The soil covers a total area of 4,514 square kilometers. The reddish yellow brown sandy soil of the region covers a total area of 3,468 square kilometers in the state of Tripura. The soil type is the second most dominant type in the region covering 33.06 percent of the land area.
- The three other types of soil that prevail in the region are the lateritic soil, younger alluvial soil and the older alluvial soil.
- The soil of Tripura is faced with the problem of rapid soil erosion. This occurs due to chemical weathering with the high annual rainfall.
- Another factor that is responsible for the rapid erosion of soil in Tripura is the withdrawal of vegetation in the state which has caused the high velocity of the wind to remove the soil cover.
- The most important mineral potential possibility of Tripura is oil and natural gas. There were several gas seepages near Ampi Bazar, Saikhanbari headwaters of the Channel, Chara stream and about 2 Km. W.N.W of Kaphelapa village.
- The other minerals are:
- Glass Sand
- Building material