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Nikshay Poshan Yojana
1. The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MOHFW) has launched the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme for nutritional support to tuberculosis patients as Nikshay Poshan Yojana (NPY) from 01.04.2018.
2. The Nikshay Poshan Yojana provides 500 INR monthly to all TB notified TB patients in order to provide nutritional support and aid in the treatment of TB.
3. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that usually affects the lungs. Compared with other diseases caused by a single infectious agent, tuberculosis is the second biggest killer, globally.
4. In 2015, 1.8 million people died from the disease, with 10.4 million falling ill.
5. Fast facts on tuberculosis
a. The World Health Organization estimates that 9 million people a year get sick with TB, with 3 million of these “missed” by health systems
b. TB is among the top 3 causes of death for women aged 15 to 44
c. TB symptoms (cough, fever, night sweats, weight loss, etc.) may be mild for many months, and people ill with TB can infect up to 10-15 other people through close contact over the course of a year
d. TB is an airborne pathogen, meaning that the bacteria that cause TB can spread through the air from person to person
6. What is tuberculosis?
a. TB usually affects the lungs, although it can spread to other organs around the body.
b. Doctors make a distinction between two kinds of tuberculosis infection: latent and active.
i. Latent TB – the bacteria remain in the body in an inactive state. They cause no symptoms and are not contagious, but they can become active.
ii. Active TB – the bacteria do cause symptoms and can be transmitted to others.
c. About one-third of the world’s population is believed to have latent TB. There is a 10 percent chance of latent TB becoming active, but this risk is much higher in people who have compromised immune systems, i.e., people living with HIV or malnutrition, or people who smoke.
d. TB affects all age groups and all parts of the world. However, the disease mostly affects young adults and people living in developing countries. In 2012, 80 percent of reported TB cases occurred in just 22 countries.
7. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the symptoms of TB disease include:
a. feeling sick or weak
b. loss of appetite and weight loss
c. chills, fever, and night sweats
d. a severe cough that lasts for 3 weeks or more
e. chest pain
8. Causes
a. The Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium causes TB. It is spread through the air when a person with TB (whose lungs are affected) coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks.
9. Risk factors
a. People with compromised immune systems are most at risk of developing active tuberculosis.
b. Tobacco use has also been found to increase the risk of developing active TB.
c. Diabetes
d. Cancer
e. Malnutrition
f. Kidney disease
g. people who abuse drugs.
h. Travel to certain countries where TB is more common.