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In NEWS:

  • Assam forest department has translocated two rhino calves to the Manas national park in western Assam with support of two prominent wild life conservation NGOs.
  • These two rhino calves had been rescued from Bagori Range of Kaziranga during massive floods in the year 2016.

Manas National Park

  • Manas National Park is a national park, UNESCO Natural World Heritage site, a Project Tiger reserve, an elephant reserve and a biosphere reserve in Assam, India.
  • It is located in the Himalayan foothills.
  • It is contiguous with the Royal Manas National Park in Bhutan.
  • The Manas river flows thorough the west of the park and is the main river within it. It is a major tributary of Brahmaputra river.
  • The Manas river also serves as an international border dividing India and Bhutan.
  • Political Geography:
  1. The park area falls in two districts: Chirang and Baksa in Assam in India.
  2. The park is divided into three ranges. The western range is based at Panbari, the central at Bansbari near Barpeta Road, and the eastern at Bhuiyapara near Pathsala.
  • Physical Geography: Manas is in the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya and is densely forested.
  • The park is known for its rare and endangered endemic wildlife such as the Assam roofed turtle, hispid hare, golden langur and pygmy hog.
  • Manas is famous for its population of the wild water buffalo.

Biomes:

  • The grassland biomes: Pygmy hog, Indian rhinoceros (re-introduced in 2007 after extinction due to heavy poaching during the Bodo uprising), Bengal florican, wild Asian buffalo, etc.
  • The forest biomes: Slow loris, capped langur, wild pig, sambar, great hornbill, Malayan giant squirrel or black giant squirrel, Chinese pangolin etc.

References:

https://www.thehindu.com/sci-tech/energy-and-environment/two-rhinos-raised-at-kaziranga-find-home-at-manas/article26072593.ece