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Present Context

  • Researchers from Ohio State University in the U.S. showed that climate change could have devastating effects on vulnerable residents in the Andes Mountains and the Tibetan plateau.
  • Climate change is driving glaciers in the Himalayas to melt more rapidly than at any point in the last 10,000 years and could soon cause water supply shortage in parts of India, Pakistan, and Nepal.

Highlights of the Study

  • By 2100, the best-case scenario is that half of the ice will disappear. Worst-case scenario: two-thirds of it will. And you’ve got all those people depending on the glacier for water.
  • Researchers showed that while water supply is declining, demand is rising because of growing populations.
  • The glaciers in Peru supply critically needed water for people, crops and livestock.
  • The international research team dubbed the plateau the “Third Pole” because it contains the largest stores of freshwater in the world outside of the North and South poles.

Measures and Policies for Tackling Climate Change by India

  • Under the Paris Agreement, India has submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC
  • To reduce Emission Intensity of its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 33 to 35 percent by 2030 from 2005 level.
  • To achieve about 40 percent cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030 with the help of transfer of technology and low-cost international finance including from Green Climate Fund (GCF)
  • To create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tons of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
  • The other targets pertain to sustainable lifestyles; climate friendly growth path; climate change adaptation; climate change finance; and capacity building and technology.

Source: The Hindu